The Valence Lexicon of Romanian Verbs (DCV—Dicționar de Contexte Verbale) is an attempt to formally describe the valence frames of the Romanian verbs. A valence frame is the set of (in general, mandatory) complements required exclusively and intrinsically by the semantics of a verb.
DCV contains in its current version 633 verbs containing 2044 meanings with the corresponding valence frames. These verbs are selected as the most commonly used in the ZiareRom press corpus.
The logical structure of the DCV is fully described in the EURALEX 2018 paper.
The symbols and semantic features are explained here.
The linguistic description is made by Ana-Maria Barbu (senior researcher at "Iorgu Iordan - Al. Rosetti" Institute of Linguistics) with the Professional Lexicography Software TshwaneLex.
The website and search tools of the DCV are made by Cătălin Mititelu.
This website offers the following search criteria, according to which the verbs are grouped:
The lemmas alphabet initials.
The morphological features of the lemma (e.g. reflexive, unipersonal, certain moods or tenses).
The part of speech of the lemmas complements.
Different features of the complements: grammatical case, prepositions, conjunctions, adverbs, moods of verbal complements etc.
The semantic features of the complements.
The number of valence frames corresponding to the meanings of the lemmas.
The number of the argument structures involved in an alternation, corresponding to a single meaning and a single valence frame.
The alphabetically ordered verbs involved in idioms.
Those who use this dictionary are kindly asked to cite (at least) one of the following papers:
Barbu, Ana-Maria, Dicționar de contexte verbale, Editura Universității din București, 2017.
Barbu, Ana-Maria, "Dictionary of Verbal Contexts for the Romanian Language". In Proceedings of the XVIII EURALEX International Congress: Lexicography in Global Contexts, 17-21 July, Ljubljana, Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts, 2018, p. 411-422.
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We are deeply grateful to the team with whom the most difficult steps were taken in conceiving this type of work, within the CNCSIS grant no.1156 / 2005 "Syntactic-semantic data base in XML format: combinatorial valences of Romanian verbs in HPSG", during 2005-2007. The team consisted of Verginica Barbu Mititelu, Blanca Croitor, Emil Ionescu, Carmen Mirzea-Vasile and Irina Nicula, to whom we therefore thank to each of them.